Islamic Cultural Center Ljubljana
The Islamic Religious Cultural Centre should be perceived and used as a recognized part of public and cultural life in Ljubljana. It should lead to better understanding and greater acceptance of Islam in society and so is the multicultural coexistence in Ljubljana influenced as positive. The Islamic Religious Cultural Centre is composed of three main elements: the mosque, the multipurpose facilities and open, public spaces.
A variety of open public spaces are being created, flowing from each into other and differing in a grade of intimacy. On the entrance square more public functions are concentrated. The entrance square flows into the inner square that has more intimate character, around which less public functions are concentrated. By high grade of opening the ensemble is becoming a part of public space, public life and therefore part of society.
Towards the surrounding area the whole ensemble is presenting itself in orthogonal way what can be seen as a way to integrate IVKC in to the existing surrounding and therefore to the city of Ljubljana. As approaching to the inner square the form is transforming itself from orthogonality to softer curved surfaces giving allusion to the traditional domed Islamic architecture. In this manner the ensemble is becoming integrated itself into the surrounding, thus keeping the character of Islamic cultural centre.
The main and most visible object is the center of Mosque, which consists of prayer space itikaf and space for ritual bathing. The building has a shape of cube. Vertical edges are soft, slightly curved lines. On the building roof there is a 2m wide belt that spreads through the entire length of the building and continues with slightly outwardly edge lines on the north-western facade. This belt represents a roof glassed openings through which a dim light beams are falling into a prayer room as well as into itikaf and room for ritual bathing, creating a sacred atmosphere. The glassed band on the facade of the building, represents a glorious entrance into the hallway of the first part of the facility. Entrance with its glory and modern interpretation of traditional curved and soft lines reminds on great entrances of some traditional Islamic architecture of mosques.
The main opening of the area is concentrated on the eastern and southern side respecting existing road and pedestrian connection. On the western side, towards the railway, the ensemble is being rather closed thus creating visual, noise and functional barrier. A variety of open public spaces are being created, flowing from each into other and differing in a grade of intimacy. On the entrance plaza more public functions are concentrated. The entrance plaza flows into the inner plaza that has more intimate character, around which less public functions are concentrated. By high grade of opening the ensemble is becoming a part of public space, public life and therefore part of society.
Use of Ornament
The skin of the building is being perforated by the pattern language developed as an interpretation of traditional geometrical Islamic pattern. With the changing distance the visual impression of the facade is different. The greater the distance, the visual impression of the pattern is reduced and the whole skin gives a porous and cloudy impression. By approaching to the building the pattern on the facade becomes sharper and more recognizable.